Complete reliance on Allah is the sincere dependence of the heart on Allah in the servant’s endeavors in pursuing his interests and safeguarding himself against anything that may be harmful to his well-being both in this life and in the akhira, afterlife:
Allah almighty says:
“And for whoever fears Allah, He prepares a way forward for him, and He provides for him from where he does not expect. And for whoever relies on Allah, then He is sufficient for him.” (Quran 65:2-3)
A person who fears Allah and relies completely on Him, will find that these two qualities are sufficient for him both in matters of this world and of his deen, religion
Umar ibn al-Khattab (r.a) said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah Muhammad(peace and blessings be upon him say,
‘If you had all relied on Allah as you should rely on Him, then He would have certainly provided for you as He provides for the birds, who wake up hungry in the morning and return with full stomachs at dusk.” [It’s Authentic Hadith which appears in at Tirmidhi and al-Hakim]
Abu Hatim ar-Razi (r.a) said that this hadith establishes the fundamental principle that reliance on Allah is one of the most important means of acquiring one’s sustenance and provision.
Sa’id ibn Zubair (r.a) said, “Reliance on Allah is an essential part of faith.” Possessing the state of reliance, however, does not prevent you from utilizing the ways and means which Allah has decreed for His creation. These are His laws, and He has commanded us to use ways and means, while at the same time He has instructed us to rely on Him. Endeavoring to make use of the ways and means in His Universe with our limbs is obedience(worship), and relying on Him in our hearts is faith in Him. Allah says:
“0 you who believe, take your precautions!” (Quran 4:71)
Sahl al Tustari (q.s) said,
“Whoever questions actions (e.g. striving to earn a living) questions the very validity of the sunnaah(tradition of prophet Muhammad), and whoever questions reliance on Allah questions faith itself.”
Reliance is the state of heart of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) , while striving to earn a living is his Sunnah(action), and whoever behaves in accordance with the state of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) must not abandon his Sunnah.
It has been said. “Ignoring ways and means is doubting the need for the Shari’ah, Sacred Law of Islam, while trusting entirely in ways and means is doubting the Reality of Tawhid (The existence of Allah).
There are two kinds of actions that the servant has:
First, the acts of obedience which Allah has commanded His servants to do, since He has made them the means for rescuing them from the Fire and their entering the Gardens of Paradise. These must be done, while at the same time still relying on Allah when doing them and seeking this outcome- for there is no strength and no power except from Allah. Whatever He, the Exalted, wishes to be has already happened, and whatever He, wishes not to be will never happen.
Whoever does not fulfil one of the duties which have been imposed on him by Allah deserves to be punished in this life and in the next life in accordance with the shari’ah and as decreed by Allah, the Exalted, unless Allah bestows his mercy upon them and he is best of those who show Mercy.
Yusuf ibn Asbat (r.a) said, “Do what you do like a man who can only be saved by his actions, and rely completely on Allah like a man who can only be afflicted by the afflictions that have already been decreed for him.”
Second, the actions which Allah has made a part of life in this world, and in which He has told His servants to take part – such as eating when hungry, drinking when thirsty, seeking shade in the heat, keeping warm in cold weather, taking medicine when whilst sick and other such things. Being involved in such actions is also a duty. Whoever does not do so, to the extent that he does himself harm by abandoning them — even though he was perfectly capable of doing them — has been negligent and deserves punishment which will eventually incur upon him by this negligent attitude.
Mujahid (r.a), ‘lkrimah (r.a), an-Nukha’i (r.a) and several of our predecessors said, “No one has been given permission to totally abandon trying to use the ways and means of this world for treating his afflictions, except one whose heart has altogether ceased to relate to the creation.” [That is a person a person with no attributes of creation]
Ishaq ibn Rahawayh (r.a) was asked, “Can a man engage in warfare without making any preparation for it?” He answered, “He can, if he is like Abdullah ibn Zubair (r.a)[known for his bravery whilst opposing corrupt Ummayad rulers] otherwise he cannot.”